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Dez 11

Labour Agreement History

A specific employment contract is developed directly with an employer and is considered only in the event of a real shortage of skills or labour for a occupation that is not already provided for in an industry contract or in a project or surface migration contract. The terms of an individual agreement are considered on a case-by-case basis. The Ministries of Labour, which are responsible for the effective management of labour law and the promotion of its future development, were established in 1900 in Canada, in France in 1906, in the United States in 1913, in the United Kingdom in 1916 and in Germany in 1918. They were created in Europe in general and were created in India and Japan in subsequent years and were broadcast in Latin America in the 1930s. In 1930, an employment office was established in Egypt, but it was not until the 1940s and 1950s that similar agreements began to take hold elsewhere in Asia and Africa. In different political circumstances, the authority and effectiveness of these administrative mechanisms are obviously very different. The recruitment contract is a branch contract, i.e. the terms of the agreement are already fixed and non-negotiable. The first stage of modern labour law was the British Health and Morals of Apprentices Act of 1802, sponsored by former Sir Robert Peel. Similar legislation on the protection of minors was adopted in Zurich in 1815 and in France in 1841. In 1848, the first legal limit on adult working time was decided by the municipality of the Swiss canton of Glarus. Health insurance and work allowance were introduced by Germany in 1883 and 1884, and in New Zealand, in the 1890s, forced conciliation in labour disputes was introduced. Progress in labour legislation outside Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand was slow until after the First World War.

The more industrialized U.S. states began to legislate in the late 19th century, but most of the current U.S. labour legislation was not passed until after the Great Depression of the 1930s. Before the October 1917 revolution, Russia had virtually no labour law. In India, children aged 7 to 12 were limited to nine hours of work per day in 1881 and 1911 adult men in textile factories at 10 hours a day, but the first major breakthrough was the modification of the Factory Act in 1922 to implement the conventions adopted at the first session of the International Labour Conference in Washington. D.C., 1919. In Japan, 1890 rudimentary rules on mining work were introduced, but a factory bill was controversial for 30 years before its passage in 1911, and the decisive step was the revision of this law in 1923 to bring into force the Washington Convention on Working Time in Industry. Labor legislation in Latin America began in the early years of the century in Argentina and received a strong boost by the Mexican revolution that ended in 1917, but as in North America, the trend was only with the effects of the Great Depression in general. In Africa, progress in labour law did not become important until the 1940s.

When an employment contract is approved, the employer must ensure that any foreign worker has sufficient knowledge of English: this page contains information specific to the request of a fast-food contract and should be read in the information guide on applications for employment contracts.