Dez 14

Paris Peace Agreement Of 1973

A peace treaty negotiated mainly between Duke Theu and Kissinger and signed by representatives of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (north of Vietnam), the Republic of Vietnam (south of Vietnam), the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam (PRG) and the United States. The agreements were concluded after more than four years of negotiations, which began after the Ttet offensive in 1968, but often interrupted. B by American bombing, for example. They led to the withdrawal of American troops and, consequently, the end of direct U.S. military engagement. In exchange, democratic elections were to be held in southern Vietnam to end the rivalry between the official government of Nguyen Van Thieu and the communist PRG. Nguyen Van Thieu, however, rejected the treaty and, with the support of the United States, continued to oppose the Vietcong and the North Vietnamese People`s Army. Peace was imposed only during a last offensive by the People`s Army that led to the collapse of Nguyen`s regime on 30 April 1975. Nixon asked the eminent Asian-American politician Anna Chennault to be his „channel to Mr. Thieu“; Chennault agreed and regularly reported to John Mitchell that Thieu had no intention of attending a peace conference. On November 2, Chennault told the South Vietnamese ambassador: „I just heard from my boss in Albuquerque, who says his boss [Nixon] is going to win. And you`ll tell your boss [Thieu] to hold on for a while longer. [8] Johnson learned about the NSA and was furious that Nixon had „blood on his hands“ and that Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen agreed with Johnson that such an action was a „betrayal.“ [9] [10] [11] Defence Minister Clark Clifford considered this to be an unlawful violation of the Logan Act. [12] In response, President Johnson ordered the listening of members of the Nixon campaign.

[13] [14] Dallek wrote that Nixon`s efforts „probably made no difference“ because Thieu was unwilling to participate in the talks and there was little chance of reaching an agreement before the elections; However, his use of the information provided by Harlow and Kissinger was morally questionable and Vice President Hubert Humphrey`s decision not to make Nixon`s actions public is „an unusual act of political decency.“ [15] This was the context when the United States and Hanoi agreed in 1968 in Paris to begin preliminary peace talks. But almost immediately after the start of the talks, it stopped. When President Lyndon Johnson handed over the presidency to Richard Nixon, eight months after the talks, the two sides agreed only on the shape of the conference table. A tentative ceasefire agreement was reached in October 1972. The agreement called for the simultaneous withdrawal of the United States.